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Uruguay launches Latin America’s first 5G network, El Salvador trails behind

This post is also available in: esEspañol (Spanish)

Contxto – While we await the worldwide implementation of 5G networks, it looks like the technology will be premiering in Latin America sooner than we thought. In fact, Uruguay and El Salvador are already paving the way in their respective regions.

In Summary

Earlier this week, Uruguay’s state-run telecommunications company, ANTEL, deployed the first 5G commercial network in partnership with Nokia. Not only was this group the first to upgrade in Uruguay but also Latin America. Due to this, the regional race to establish the coveted communications software has officially started.

But let’s not forget about other players like El Salvador. Back in February, the nation’s largest communication network provider SALNET Telecommunications partnered with TPT Global Tech’s Latin American Joint Venture, New Orbit Technologies Central America (NOTCA). Like Uruguay, they wanted to be the first to deploy 5G infrastructure in the region.

“Executing this deal with SALNET’s owner Antonio Safie, who is such a prevalent figure in Central America, positions TPT Global Tech, NOTCA and SALNET to be the first to bring 5G technology to Latin America,” said Stephen J. Thomas III, CEO of TPT Global Tech. “At the same time, it validates our business model and demonstrates how our multiple technology sectors vertically integrate to help our technology partners, domestically and internationally, compete in any market across the globe.”

Based on this statement, though, many believed that El Salvador would be the first Latin American nation to debut 5G technology. Apparently, Uruguay came out first without making much noise.

“5G is already a reality in Latin America,” said the 5G Americas Vice President for Latin America, José Otero. “Following the example of Uruguay, we will soon see new announcements of 5G networks in the region, bringing more benefits for Latin American users such as higher connection speeds and lower latency in their data and Internet services.”

In-depth

It seems like we have two frontrunners leading Latin America’s race for 5G technology.

Uruguay

According to Uruguay’s government, ANTEL installed 5G commercial networks in the Maldonado and Colonia departments. The agency reportedly plans to add more networks in other municipalities in the upcoming weeks. Additionally, citizens should be able to equip devices with 5G technology over the next month.

Also to reiterate, ANTEL introduced the first 28GHz frequency bandwidth with support from Nokia. The Finnish company provided the 5G infrastructure, the RAN radio access network, optical transmission and supporting services.

José Otero, the vice-president of 5G Americas for Latin America, stressed the importance of the cooperation between the public and private sectors around the world to obtain this new technology. What’s more, ANTEL’s and Nokia’s history goes a long way back, so this initiative also reinforces ties between the entities.

El Salvador

In Central America, El Salvador is eager to install the much-anticipated commodity. On February 14, Globe Newswire published a press release announcing the imminent arrival of 5G technology. This was a collaboration between New Orbit Technologies Central America (NOTCA) and Antonio Safie, owner of SALNET Telecommunications El Salvador.

Together, the partners planned to launch Latin America’s first 5G network prior to Uruguay. Without providing a specific date, this new investment is expected to rapidly transmit data, reduce latency, save energy, raise system capacity and connect devices among El Salvador’s internet users. Granted 5G isn’t officially on the market, this is huge news.

Even though 5G networks are mostly wireless, there still needs to be a power cable connecting rural areas to the electric grid in urban areas. The reality of the situation is that this cable is very expensive, though, making this a work in progress for El Salvador. Developers are still figuring out how to make this connection wireless to achieve optimal results.

If not, the rollout process for 5G connectivity will be slow like molasses. That’s to say, rural areas will still be plagued with sluggish internet speeds. Once the infrastructure is settled, though, both SALNET and NOTCA intend to offer unlimited packages to customers. Included in the bundle are TV, landline, data and mobile services.

Why is 5G technology so important?

Believe it or not but some sources consider the invention of 5G to be the “fourth industrial revolution.” As an expansion of 3G and 4G networks, 5G networks will guarantee stronger signals capable of dodging transmissions from other radio towers. Stronger transmissions mean faster speeds, no matter how you look at it.

“The application of 5G technology will result in massive changes for both consumers and enterprises,” said Jeff Weisbein, CEO of a digital media company called Best Techie.

“5G networks will offer consumers incredible broadband speeds at home – up to 20Gbs per second.”

– Jeff Weisbein, CEO of Best Techie

It will also enable companies to make technological advancements in areas like smart cars, medical technology and personalized retail experiences. El Economista reported that the English consulting firm, Ovum, estimates there will be around 111 million 5G connections by the end of 2021 – 4.3 million of those will be located in Latin America.

With that said, the investment efforts may be exhaustive, especially with uneven topographies in countries like Brazil. Fiber optic cables are presumably the best material for 5G networks, but they’re not always cost-effective to install. Therefore, other options might have to be considered, including microwave technology and satellites.

Potential uses of 5G technology

Autonomous vehicles: the Internet of Things (IoT) will benefit greatly from 5G networks by increasing the velocity at which “things” (like smart gadgets) communicate with one another. For autonomous vehicles, cars will be interconnected and capable of issuing signals or data at fast speeds.

For instance, if a car suddenly stops because there’s something obstructing its way, other vehicles from behind will react almost immediately. Add that to enhanced computer vision plus machine learning and the outcome will be self-regulated traffic. Additionally, this could provide an efficient driverless urban transportation system.

Identity verification: 5G will also enable hyper-geolocalization. This means that it will know where you stand with practically no calculation errors or approximates. In turn, this will support new technologies such as payment verification based on physical location.

eHealth: Telemedicine is becoming more and more popular. More people are accessing basic healthcare needs based on this new format where professional doctors visit patients’ homes via virtual communication. 5G will make this even more practical by reducing waiting time, eliminating commute to hospitals, 24/7 availability and ultra-fast medical records cloud storage.

Faster internet means information is going to be available at the speed of light, all from the palm of your hand. There are other benefits apart from the ones mentioned above. However, these are only a few examples of what awaits the world with the new generation of telecommunication technology.

Conclusion

Some sources say that every country will eventually have 5G technology by 2020. Nonetheless, it’s assumed that Latin America will be one of the last recipients. In that regard, the gradual rollout of 5G technology in Uruguay and El Salvador will surely increase their competitiveness in the global economy.

Moreover, improved technology could result in a higher quality of life for inhabitants in certain aspects. Expected to benefit are those wanting to participate in the gig economy, especially.

The only question here is, at what cost? Have we even stopped to consider the implications of this new technology? While 5G represents new possibilities and sparks hope for many, our excitement for new technology may have prevented us from contemplating the potential downsides. We’ll keep you posted.

Written by: Victor Cortés and Jacob Atkins

-VC & JA

Victor Cortéshttps://www.contxto.com/
CEO & Co-Founder of Contxto. Passionate about tech, startups and venture capital. I eat sushi five times a week.

2 COMMENTS

  1. English version….

    Imagine a toxin:

    -That you can’t see or smell. That you probably can’t hear. You might taste something metallic in your mouth at times. [1] Some of you might be able to feel it but you may not know what the cause is. [2]

    -It’s a toxin that is virtually everywhere in modern society.

    -This toxin was present at your birth and is exponentially increasing with each generation.

    -It is a toxin that is addictive much like hard drugs are addictive. [3]

    -It may cause a loss of empathy. Meaning that it is possibly creating a society of sociopaths. [4]

    -There are widespread neuropsychiatric effects from this toxin. The effects that are the best documented include: sleep disturbance/insomnia, headache, depression/depressive symptoms, fatigue/tiredness, dysesthesia, concentration/attention dysfunction, memory changes, dizziness, irritability, loss of appetite/body weight, restlessness/anxiety, nausea, skin burning/tingling/dermographism and EEG changes in the brain. [5] How many people do you know that complain of these symptoms? Any psychologist that has been practicing for a long time will tell you that these phenomena are becoming common and widespread.

    What this means is that this toxin is quite literally driving us insane and rendering us increasingly incapable of addressing the cascading series of crisis that the planet is facing.

    -It causes sterility. The mechanisms are diverse from tissue remodeling of the testes and ovaries, lowered sex hormones, cell death, lower sperm count and quality, lowered libido and an increase in spontaneous abortion. [6] We already have sperm count drops to below 50% of normal in every technologically advanced country on earth according to a 2017 meta analysis. [7]

    Reproductive rates have fallen below replacement levels in every technologically advanced country of the world, with a single exception. These include every EU country, the U.S., Canada, Japan, South Korea, Taiwan, Singapore, Australia and New Zealand. Reproduction averages, in these countries, is about 73% of replacement levels according to 2015, 2016, and 2017 data. [6, 8] As fertility precipitously decreases, the artificial fertilization industry is growing rapidly. [9]

    A study on mouse reproduction showed that radio/microwave frequency EMF exposure at doses well within our current safety guidelines produced substantial dose-dependent decreases in reproduction within the first set of litters; further exposure produced dose-dependent complete or almost complete sterility that was found to be largely irreversible. [6, 10]

    Based on the data of 18 scientific reviews regarding the reproductive effects of this toxin Dr. Martin Pall expects that we will see a crash in human reproduction to almost zero in about 5 years. [6]

    -It might be the most potent carcinogen that we are in common contact with. A Swedish review from 2013 observed that: “No other environmental carcinogen has produced evidence of an increased risk in just one decade.” [11] For comparison, it typically takes about 30 years to develop lung cancer from smoking. Therefore this toxin is about 3 times as carcinogenic as smoking. [12]

    -This toxin causes permanent DNA damage (19 reviews). It has been estimated that if mutation rates increase 2.5 to 3 times the normal level, we will go extinct. Much of humanity may already be living in environments where they are experiencing this level of genetic mutation. [6] What this means is that all of our evolutionary wisdom. Everything that our ancestors survived through to bring our lives into existence, billions of years of our heritage and genetic wisdom is being deleted permanently from our gene pool. This is a desecration of life, of our bodies, of our heritage and our future.

    -This toxin has well established evidence correlating it to: Oxidative stress which has roles in all or almost all chronic diseases (17 reviews), widespread endocrine (that is hormonal) effects (11 reviews), and cardiac effects. In addition, significant evidence suggests causation of very early onset dementias, including Alzheimer’s, digital and other types of dementias; and there is evidence that exposures in utero and shortly after birth can cause ADHD and autism. [6]

    -This toxin is the probable cause for colony collapse, the disappearance of insects and birds and is a driving force for the extinction of many species. [2, 13]

    -Very few people have heard of this toxin and fewer still understand the full ramifications of what it is doing to us and other life.

    All of the characteristics of this toxin combined with latency periods and denial among our global society combine to create what will become the greatest health crisis that our species has ever faced.

    This toxin is called electromagnetic radiation. It is emitted from cell towers, cell phones, wifi routers, cordless phones, wireless utility meters, various wireless ‘Smart’ devices, and the electric grid. The adoption of wireless technology has mushroomed in recent years leading to widespread exposure. Most of us have assumed that such technologies are safe. We now know that this assumption is wrong. [14] With telecom industry plans to roll out 5G on land and in space we face the possibility of total annihilation. [15]

    All of life has an electrical component. We are bioelectrical beings. Our thinking and bodily functions are orchestrated through complex and sensitive bioelectrical signaling. With electrification and the proliferation of electronics, our bodies are failing as our biology begins to collapse under the ’smog’ of artificial signals. We have created an inhospitable environment in a life that is increasingly out of balance with nature. We have lost connection with our inheritance and role on this planet and we are reaping the consequences of our desecration of life. [2]

    We will need to make an immediate and widespread break from these technologies if our species and many others are going to survive.

    REFERENCES

    [1] Thresholds for perceiving metallic taste at high magnetic field.
    Cavin ID, Glover PM, Bowtell RW, Gowland PA., 2007
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17969179

    [2] For information on the bio-individual variations in sensory perceptiveness of electromagnetic fields based on genetic predispositions, and heightened sensitivity due to overexposure thresholds read THE INVISIBLE RAINBOW by Arthur Firstenberg, 2017
    Highly recommended book. https://www.cellphonetaskforce.org/buy-the-invisible-rainbow/

    [3] Addiction to cell phones: are there neurophysiological mechanisms involved?
    https://www.smombiegate.org/addiction-to-cell-phones-are-there-neurophysiological-mechanisms-involved/

    Internet and Gaming Addiction: A Systematic Literature Review of Neuroimaging Studies
    Daria J. Kuss and Mark D. Griffiths, 2012
    https://www.mdpi.com/2076-3425/2/3/347/htm

    It’s ‘digital heroin’: How screens turn kids into psychotic junkies
    By Dr. Nicholas Kardaras, 2016
    https://nypost.com/2016/08/27/its-digital-heroin-how-screens-turn-kids-into-psychotic-junkies/
    “I have found it easier to treat heroin and crystal meth addicts than lost-in-the-matrix video gamers or Facebook-dependent social media addicts.”

    [4] Adverse Health Effects from the Operation of Digital Broadcast Television Stations (DVB‐T)
    By Dr. Cornelia Waldmann-Selsam, Dr. Christine Aschermann, and Dr. Markus Kern, 2009
    https://www.globalresearch.ca/adverse-health-effects-from-the-operation-of-digital-broadcast-television-stations-dvb-8208-t/12596

    What is digital dementia?
    Devra Davis, PhD, Environmental Health Trust, 2013

    Morality is modified in the lab
    BBC News, 2010
    http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/health/8593748.stm

    Father who blames school’s wi-fi for 12-year-old daughter’s list of 40 symptoms including rashes and itchy skin as he takes her out of lessons to educate her at home
    By Bryony Jewell, 2019
    https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-6760807/Father-blames-schools-wi-fi-12-year-old-daughters-40-symptoms-including-rashes.html

    Empathy: College students don’t have as much as they used to
    University of Michigan, 2010
    https://news.umich.edu/empathy-college-students-don-t-have-as-much-as-they-used-to/

    [5] Review Microwave frequency electromagnetic fields (EMFs) produce widespread neuropsychiatric effects including depression
    Martin L. Pall, Professor Emeritus of Biochemistry and Basic Medical Sciences, Washington State University, 2015
    https://reader.elsevier.com/reader/sd/pii/S0891061815000599?token=C1DD7667943E6361E727DAD493D2966E957AC847C15A1B696657642EEF049EAD03F8903BEF8382825B02AB7DF4FD573F

    [6] 5G: Great risk for EU, U.S. and International Health! Compelling Evidence for Eight Distinct Types of Great Harm Caused by Electromagnetic Field (EMF) Exposures and the Mechanism that Causes Them
    Martin L. Pall, PhD, 2018
    https://peaceinspace.blogs.com/files/5g-emf-hazards–dr-martin-l.-pall–eu-emf2018-6-11us3.pdf

    [7] Temporal trends in sperm count: a systematic review and meta-regression analysis
    Levine H, Jorgensen N, Martino – Andrade A, Mendiola J, Weksler – Derri D, Mindlis I, Pinotti R, Swan SH, 2017.
    Human Reproduction Update
    https://academic.oup.com/humupd/article/23/6/646/4035689

    [8] Fertility rate, total (births per woman)
    World Bank Group, 2017
    https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/sp.dyn.tfrt.in

    [9] The infertility crisis is beyond doubt. Now scientists must find the cause
    The Guardian, July 2017
    https://www.theguardian.com/science/2017/jul/29/infertility-crisis-sperm-counts-halved

    Male Infertility Crisis in U.S. Has Experts Baffled
    By Bryan Walsh, 2017
    https://www.newsweek.com/2017/09/22/male-infertility-crisis-experts-663074.html

    World Fertility Patterns 2015, United Nations Report
    https://www.un.org/en/development/desa/population/publications/pdf/fertility/world-fertility-patterns-2015.pdf

    Global Infertility Treatment Market Will Reach USD 2,567 Million By 2025: Zion Market Research
    https://www.globenewswire.com/news-release/2019/03/01/1745270/0/en/Global-Infertility-Treatment-Market-Will-Reach-USD-2-567-Million-By-2025-Zion-Market-Research.html
    “According to the report, the global infertility treatment market was valued at approximately USD 1,519 million in 2018 and is projected to generate around USD 2,567 million by 2025, at a CAGR of around 7.8% between 2019 and 2025.”

    [10] RF radiation-induced changes in the prenatal development of mice.
    Magras IN, Xenos TD., Bioelectromagnetics 18:455-461., 1997
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9261543

    [11] Swedish review strengthens grounds for concluding that radiation from cellular and cordless phones is a probable human carcinogen.
    Davis DL1, Kesari S, Soskolne CL, Miller AB, Stein Y., 2013
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23664410

    [12] 5G – Kevin Mottus
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Me1YfVZgHlA
    “The other thing, with cigarette smoke on average it takes about 30 years for tumor growth. What the studies are showing with cell phones and brain tumors is it takes about 10 years. So you’re talking about an agent three times as carcinogenic as cigarette smoke and we are exposing people to it very efficiently and effectively.”

    [13] Bees, Birds, and Mankind: Destroying Nature by ‘Electro smog’
    Ulrich Warke, 2007
    https://www.naturalscience.org/publications/brochure-bees-birds-mankind-destroying-nature-electrosmog/

    Alfonso Balmori
    https://www.cellphonetaskforce.org/other-articles-by-alfonso-balmori/

    More than 75 percent decline over 27 years in total flying insect biomass in protected areas
    Caspar A. Hallmann, Martin Sorg, Eelke Jongejans, Henk Siepel, Nick Hofland, Heinz Schwan, Werner Stenmans, Andreas Müller, Hubert Sumser, Thomas Hörren, Dave Goulson, Hans de Kroon, 2017
    https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0185809

    [14] BioInitiative Report, Updated 2017
    https://bioinitiative.org/

    [15] INTERNATIONAL APPEAL: Stop 5G on Earth and in Space
    https://www.5gspaceappeal.org/the-appeal

  2. Imagina una toxina:

    -Que no puedes ver ni oler. que probablemente no puedas oír. Puede que a veces tengas un sabor metálico en la boca. [1] Algunos de ustedes podrán sentirlo, pero tal vez no sepan cuál es la causa. [2]

    -Es una toxina que está prácticamente en todas partes en la sociedad moderna.

    -Esta toxina estaba presente en tu nacimiento y está aumentando exponencialmente con cada generación.

    -Es una toxina que es adictiva como las drogas duras son adictivas. [3]

    -Puede causar una pérdida de empatía. Lo que significa que posiblemente está creando una sociedad de sociópatas. [4]

    -Hay efectos neuropsiquiátricos generalizados de esta toxina. Los efectos mejor documentados incluyen: trastornos del sueño/insomnio, dolor de cabeza, depresión/síntomas depresivos, fatiga/cansancio, disestesia, disfunción de concentración/atención, cambios en la memoria, mareos, irritabilidad, pérdida de apetito/peso corporal, inquietud/ansiedad, náuseas, ardor de piel/ hormigueo/dermografismo y cambios en el EEG en el cerebro. [5] ¿Cuántas personas conoce que se quejan de estos síntomas? Cualquier psicólogo que haya estado practicando durante mucho tiempo le dirá que estos fenómenos se están volviendo comunes y generalizados.

    Lo que esto significa es que esta toxina nos está volviendo literalmente locos y nos hace cada vez más incapaces de hacer frente a la serie de crisis en cascada a la que se enfrenta el planeta.

    -Causa esterilidad. Los mecanismos son diversos, desde la remodelación tisular de los testículos y ovarios, la disminución de las hormonas sexuales, la muerte celular, la disminución de la cantidad y calidad de los espermatozoides, la disminución de la libido y el aumento del aborto espontáneo. [6] De acuerdo con un meta-análisis de 2017, el recuento de espermatozoides ya ha caído por debajo del 50% de lo normal en todos los países tecnológicamente avanzados de la Tierra. [7]

    Las tasas de reproducción han caído por debajo de los niveles de reemplazo en todos los países tecnológicamente avanzados del mundo, con una sola excepción. Entre ellos se encuentran todos los países de la UE, EE.UU., Canadá, Japón, Corea del Sur, Taiwán, Singapur, Australia y Nueva Zelanda. Los promedios de reproducción, en estos países, son de alrededor del 73% de los niveles de reemplazo según los datos de 2015, 2016 y 2017. [6, 8] A medida que la fertilidad disminuye precipitadamente, la industria de la fertilización artificial crece rápidamente. [9]

    Un estudio sobre la reproducción de ratones mostró que la exposición a los CEM por radio/microondas a dosis muy por debajo de nuestras pautas de seguridad actuales produjo una disminución sustancial en la reproducción dentro del primer grupo de camadas; una mayor exposición produjo una esterilidad completa o casi completa dependiente de la dosis que se encontró que era en gran medida irreversible. [6, 10]

    Basado en los datos de 18 revisiones científicas con respecto a los efectos reproductivos de esta toxina, el Dr. Martin Pall espera que veamos un colapso en la reproducción humana de casi cero en aproximadamente 5 años. [6]

    -Podría ser el carcinógeno más potente con el que estamos en contacto. Una revisión sueca de 2013 observó que: “Ningún otro carcinógeno ambiental ha producido evidencia de un mayor riesgo en sólo una década.” [11] A modo de comparación, normalmente se tarda unos 30 años en desarrollar cáncer de pulmón a causa del tabaquismo. Por lo tanto, esta toxina es aproximadamente 3 veces más cancerígena que el fumar. [12]

    -Esta toxina causa daño permanente al ADN (19 revisiones). Se ha estimado que si las tasas de mutación aumentan de 2.5 a 3 veces el nivel normal, nos extinguiremos. Es posible que gran parte de la humanidad ya esté viviendo en entornos en los que está experimentando este nivel de mutación genética. Lo que esto significa es que toda nuestra sabiduría evolutiva. Todo lo que nuestros antepasados sobrevivieron para que nuestras vidas existieran, miles de millones de años de nuestro patrimonio y sabiduría genética está siendo borrado permanentemente de nuestro acervo genético. Esto es una profanación de la vida, de nuestros cuerpos, de nuestra herencia y de nuestro futuro.

    -Esta toxina tiene evidencia bien establecida que la correlaciona con: El estrés oxidativo que desempeña un papel en todas o casi todas las enfermedades crónicas (17 revisiones), efectos endocrinos generalizados (es decir, hormonales) (11 revisiones) y efectos cardíacos. Además, la evidencia significativa sugiere la causalidad de las demencias de comienzo muy temprano, incluyendo el Alzheimer, las demencias digitales y otros tipos de demencias; y existe evidencia de que las exposiciones en el útero y poco después del nacimiento pueden causar TDAH y autismo. [6]

    -Esta toxina es la causa probable del colapso de las colonias, la desaparición de insectos y aves y es una fuerza motriz para la extinción de muchas especies. [2, 13]

    -Muy pocas personas han oído hablar de esta toxina y menos aún entienden todas las ramificaciones de lo que nos está haciendo a nosotros y a otros seres vivos.

    Todas las características de esta toxina combinadas con los períodos de latencia y negación en nuestra sociedad global se combinan para crear lo que se convertirá en la mayor crisis de salud que nuestra especie haya enfrentado jamás.

    Esta toxina se llama radiación electromagnética. Se emite desde torres de telefonía celular, teléfonos celulares, routers wifi, teléfonos inalámbricos, medidores de servicios públicos inalámbricos, varios dispositivos inalámbricos “inteligentes” y la red eléctrica. La adopción de la tecnología inalámbrica se ha multiplicado en los últimos años, lo que ha dado lugar a una exposición generalizada. La mayoría de nosotros hemos asumido que estas tecnologías son seguras. Ahora sabemos que esta suposición es errónea. [14] Con los planes de la industria de las telecomunicaciones para desplegar 5G en tierra y en el espacio nos enfrentamos a la posibilidad de una aniquilación total. [15]

    Toda la vida tiene un componente eléctrico. Somos seres bioeléctricos. Nuestras funciones mentales y corporales están orquestadas a través de una señalización bioeléctrica compleja y sensible. Con la electrificación y la proliferación de la electrónica, nuestros cuerpos están fallando a medida que nuestra biología comienza a colapsar bajo el “smog” de las señales artificiales. Hemos creado un ambiente inhóspito en una vida cada vez más desequilibrada con la naturaleza. Hemos perdido la conexión con nuestra herencia y nuestro papel en este planeta y estamos cosechando las consecuencias de nuestra profanación de la vida. [2]

    Tendremos que hacer una ruptura inmediata y generalizada con estas tecnologías si queremos que nuestra especie y muchas otras sobrevivan.

    REFERENCIAS

    [1] Umbrales para percibir el sabor metálico en un campo magnético alto.
    Cavin ID, Glover PM, Bowtell RW, Gowland PA, 2007
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/17969179

    [2] Para información sobre las variaciones bio-individuales en la percepción sensorial de los campos electromagnéticos basadas en predisposiciones genéticas, y la sensibilidad aumentada debido a umbrales de sobreexposición, lea EL ARCOIRIS INVISIBLE de Arthur Firstenberg, 2017.
    Libro muy recomendable. https://www.cellphonetaskforce.org/buy-the-invisible-rainbow/

    [3] Adicción a los teléfonos celulares: ¿hay mecanismos neurofisiológicos involucrados?
    https://www.smombiegate.org/addiction-to-cell-phones-are-there-neurophysiological-mechanisms-involved/

    Internet y adicción a los juegos: Una Revisión Sistemática de la Literatura de Estudios de Neuroimagen
    Daria J. Kuss y Mark D. Griffiths, 2012
    https://www.mdpi.com/2076-3425/2/3/347/htm

    Es’heroína digital’: Cómo las pantallas convierten a los niños en drogadictos psicóticos
    Por el Dr. Nicholas Kardaras, 2016
    https://nypost.com/2016/08/27/its-digital-heroin-how-screens-turn-kids-into-psychotic-junkies/
    “He encontrado más fácil tratar a los adictos a la heroína y a las metanfetaminas que a los videojugadores perdidos en la matriz o a los adictos a los medios sociales dependientes de Facebook.”

    [4] Efectos adversos para la salud derivados del funcionamiento de las estaciones de televisión de radiodifusión digital (DVB-T)
    Por la Dra. Cornelia Waldmann-Selsam, la Dra. Christine Aschermann y el Dr. Markus Kern, 2009
    https://www.globalresearch.ca/adverse-health-effects-from-the-operation-of-digital-broadcast-television-stations-dvb-8208-t/12596

    ¿Qué es la demencia digital?
    Devra Davis, PhD, Environmental Health Trust, 2013

    La moralidad se modifica en el laboratorio
    BBC News, 2010
    http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/health/8593748.stm

    Padre que culpa al wi-fi de la escuela por la lista de 40 síntomas de su hija de 12 años, incluyendo erupciones y picazón en la piel, mientras la saca de las clases para educarla en casa.
    Por Bryony Jewell, 2019
    https://www.dailymail.co.uk/news/article-6760807/Father-blames-schools-wi-fi-12-year-old-daughters-40-symptoms-including-rashes.html

    Empatía: Los estudiantes universitarios no tienen tanto como antes.
    Universidad de Michigan, 2010
    https://news.umich.edu/empathy-college-students-don-t-have-as-much-as-they-used-to/

    [5] La revisión de los campos electromagnéticos de frecuencia de microondas (CEM) produce efectos neuropsiquiátricos generalizados, incluida la depresión.
    Martin L. Pall, Profesor Emérito de Bioquímica y Ciencias Médicas Básicas, Washington State University, 2015
    https://reader.elsevier.com/reader/sd/pii/S0891061815000599?token=C1DD7667943E6361E727DAD493D2966E957AC847C15A1B696657642EEF049EAD03F8903BEF8382825B02AB7DF4FD573F

    [6] 5G: ¡Gran riesgo para la salud de la UE, EE.UU. e internacional! Evidencia convincente de ocho tipos distintos de grandes daños causados por las exposiciones a campos electromagnéticos (CEM) y el mecanismo que los causa
    Martin L. Pall, PhD, 2018
    https://peaceinspace.blogs.com/files/5g-emf-hazards–dr-martin-l.-pall–eu-emf2018-6-11us3.pdf

    [7] Tendencias temporales en el recuento de espermatozoides: una revisión sistemática y un análisis de metarregresión
    Levine H, Jorgensen N, Martino – Andrade A, Mendiola J, Weksler – Derri D, Mindlis I, Pinotti R, Swan SH, 2017.
    Actualización sobre reproducción humana
    https://academic.oup.com/humupd/article/23/6/646/4035689

    [8] Tasa de fecundidad total (nacimientos por mujer)
    Grupo del Banco Mundial, 2017
    https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/sp.dyn.tfrt.in

    La crisis de infertilidad está fuera de toda duda. Ahora los científicos deben encontrar la causa
    The Guardian, julio de 2017
    https://www.theguardian.com/science/2017/jul/29/infertility-crisis-sperm-counts-halved

    La crisis de infertilidad masculina en EE. UU. desconcierta a los expertos
    Por Bryan Walsh, 2017
    https://www.newsweek.com/2017/09/22/male-infertility-crisis-experts-663074.html

    World Fertility Patterns 2015, Informe de las Naciones Unidas
    https://www.un.org/en/development/desa/population/publications/pdf/fertility/world-fertility-patterns-2015.pdf

    El mercado mundial de tratamiento de la infertilidad alcanzará los 2.567 millones de dólares en 2025: Investigación de mercado de Zion
    https://www.globenewswire.com/news-release/2019/03/01/1745270/0/en/Global-Infertility-Treatment-Market-Will-Reach-USD-2-567-Million-By-2025-Zion-Market-Research.html
    “Según el informe, el mercado mundial de tratamientos de infertilidad estaba valorado en aproximadamente 1.519 millones de dólares en 2018 y se prevé que genere alrededor de 2.567 millones de dólares en 2025, con una tasa media anual de crecimiento anual del 7,8% entre 2019 y 2025”.

    [10] Cambios inducidos por la radiación RF en el desarrollo prenatal de ratones.
    Magras IN, Xenos TD, Bioelectromagnetics 18:455-461., 1997
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9261543

    [11] La revisión sueca refuerza las bases para concluir que la radiación de los teléfonos celulares e inalámbricos es un probable carcinógeno humano.
    Davis DL1, Kesari S, Soskolne CL, Miller AB, Stein Y., 2013
    https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/23664410

    [12] 5G – Kevin Mottus
    https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Me1YfVZgHlA
    “La otra cosa, con el humo del cigarrillo en promedio, el crecimiento del tumor toma alrededor de 30 años. Lo que los estudios están mostrando con los teléfonos celulares y los tumores cerebrales es que toma alrededor de 10 años. Así que estás hablando de un agente tres veces más cancerígeno que el humo del cigarrillo y estamos exponiendo a la gente a él de manera muy eficiente y efectiva”.

    [13] Abejas, pájaros y humanidad: Destruyendo la naturaleza por medio de la’contaminación eléctrica
    Ulrich Warke, 2007
    https://www.naturalscience.org/publications/brochure-bees-birds-mankind-destroying-nature-electrosmog/

    Alfonso Balmori
    https://www.cellphonetaskforce.org/other-articles-by-alfonso-balmori/

    Más del 75 por ciento de disminución en 27 años en la biomasa total de insectos voladores en áreas protegidas
    Caspar A. Hallmann, Martin Sorg, Eelke Jongejans, Henk Siepel, Nick Hofland, Heinz Schwan, Werner Stenmans, Andreas Müller, Hubert Sumser, Thomas Hörren, Dave Goulson, Hans de Kroon, 2017
    https://journals.plos.org/plosone/article?id=10.1371/journal.pone.0185809

    [14] Informe BioInitiative, actualizado en 2017
    https://bioinitiative.org/

    [15] LLAMAMIENTO INTERNACIONAL: Parada 5G en la Tierra y en el Espacio
    https://www.5gspaceappeal.org/the-appeal

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